Wisdom

In this research area, we are interested in the measurement of wisdom and the investigation of its development as well as its plasticity across the lifespan. First, an empirical paradigm for the study of general wisdom was successfully established. Later, a paradigm measuring personal wisdom was added and it was demonstrated that it is useful to distinguish general from personal wisdom. They show different developmental trajectories and convergent as well as divergent validity.

The pursuit of wisdom has a long tradition in human history. In occidental cultures especially the roman-hellenic traditions and schools of philosophy are deeply connected to the search for wisdom. Later also psychology became concerned with wisdom describing it as the ideal endpoint of human development. Since the 1970s the empirical-psychological wisdom research established and generated five main areas of research (Staudinger & Gl├╝ck, 2011): The research for lay definitions of wisdom, the measurement of wisdom, the research for the development and as well for the plasticity of wisdom, and the application of research findings in different areas of life.