The Columbia Aging Center's interdisciplinary investigation into aging is grouped largely into the three main themes of Work, Culture, and Health.

WORK: The conception and composition of our work lives, the economics of dependency, and retirement choices are correlated with health as we age.  Understanding how to optimize both work and retirement is a primary focus for our faculty.



Fried, L. P. (2016). Building a third demographic dividend: Strengthening intergenerational well-being in ways that deeply matter. Public Policy & Aging Report, 26(3), 78-82. doi: 10.1093/ppar/prw015

Sabbath, E. L, Matz-Costa, C., Rowe. J. W., Lecler A., Zins, M., Goldberg, M., & Berkman, L. (2016). Social predictors of active life engagement: A time-use study of young-old French adults. Research on Aging, 38(8), 864-893. doi: 10.1177/0164027515609408

Carr, D. C., Fried, L. P., & Rowe, J. W. (2015). Productivity and engagement in an aging America: The role of volunteerism. Daedalus, 144(2), 55-67. doi: 10.1162/DAED_a_00330



Oltmanns, J., Godde, B., Niemann, C., Winneke, A., Richter, G., Voelcker-Rehage, C., Schömann, K. & Staudinger, U. M. (2017). Don’t lose your brain at work – The role of recurrent novelty at work in cognitive and brain aging. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, Article: 117. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00117.

Staudinger, U. M., Finkelstein, R., Calvo, E., & Sivaramakrishnan, K. (2016). A global view on the effect of work on health in later life. The Gerontologist, 56, S281-S292. doi:10.1093/geront/gnw032

Heidemeier, H., & Staudinger, U. M. (2015). Age differences in achievement goals and motivational characteristics of work in an ageing workforce. Ageing & Society, 35(4), 809-836. doi: 10.1017/S0144686X13001098

Calvo, E., Mair, C. A., & Sarkisian, N. (2014). Individual troubles, shared troubles: The multiplicative effect of individual and country-level unemployment on life satisfaction in 95 nations (1981–2009). Social Forces, 93(4), 1625-1653. doi:10.1093/sf/sou109



Williamson, J.B., Calvo, E., & Lianquan, F. (2017). Rural pension reform in China: A critical analysis. Journal of Aging Studies, 41:67-74. doi: 10.1016/j.jaging.2017.04.003

Zissimopoulos, J., Blaylock, B., Goldman, D., Rowe, J.W. (2017). Raising the social security entitlement age: Implications for the productive activities of older adults. Research on Aging, 39(1), 166-189. doi: 10.1177/0164027516656137

Loichinger, E., & Skirbekk, V. (2016). International variation in ageing and economic dependency: A cohort perspective. Comparative Population Studies, 40(5), 121-144. doi: 10.12765/CPoS-2016-04en

Sivaramakrishnan, K. (2014). Aging and dependency in an independent Indian nation: Migrant families, workers and social experts (1940­60). Journal of Social History, 47(4), 968-993. doi: 10.1093/jsh/shu028

Skirbekk, V. et al. (2018). How to Measure Populations Aging? The Answer is Less than Obvious: A Review. Gerontology. doi: 10.1159/000494025



Block, D. & Finkelstein, R. (2015). Age smart industry guides. Robert N. Butler Columbia Aging Center.

Finkelstein, R. & Block, D. (2015). Age smart employer fact sheets.  Robert N. Butler Columbia Aging Center.

Staudinger, U. M. & Finkelstein, R. (2015). Maximizing our aging potential. AARP International: The Journal, 47-49.


CULTURE: The attitudes and environments we are subject to contribute to the context that impacts aging outcomes. Socioeconomic status, belief systems, family structures, and the built environment are all examples of the cultural influences in our lives and hence upon aging. Our researchers aim to understand these forces with the goal of improving healthspan as we age.



Sivaramakrishnan, K. (2018). As the World Ages: Rethinking a Demographic Crisis. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Sivaramakrishnan, K. (2016). Global histories of health, disease and medicine from a ‘Zig-zag’ perspective. Bulletin for the History of Medicine, 89(4), 700-704.

Todd, M. A., Shkolnikov, V. M., & Goldman, N. (2016). Why are well-educated Muscovites more likely to survive? Understanding the biological pathways. Social Science & Medicine, 157, 138–147. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.02.041

Rowe J. W. (2015). Successful aging of societies. Daedalus, 5-12. doi: 10.1162/DAED_a_00325



Bonsang, E., Skirbekk, V., & Staudinger, U. M. (2017). As You Sow, So Shall You Reap: Gender-Role Attitudes and Late-Life Cognition. Psychological Science, 28(9), 1201-1213. doi: 10.1177/0956797617708634.

Robertson, D. & Weiss, D. (2017). In the eye of the beholder: Can counter stereotypes change perceptions of older adults’ social status? Psychology & Aging, 32(6),531-542. doi: 10.1037/pag0000186

Bowen, C. E., & Skirbekk, V. (2016). Old age expectations are related to how long people want to live. Ageing & Society, 1, 1-26. doi: 10.1017/S0144686X16000726

Lang, F.R., Gerstorf, D., Weiss, D., & Wagner, G.G. (2016). On differentiating adaptation from dispositional concepts - The case of age-associated dynamics of life satisfaction. Journal of Individual Differences, 36, 206–210. doi: 10.1027/1614-0001/a000205

Weiss, D. (2018). Age-Stereotype Internalization and Dissociation: Contradictory Processes or Two Sides of the Same Coin? Current Directions in Psychological Science. doi: 110.1177/0963721418777743

Weiss, D. (2016). On the inevitability of aging: Essentialist beliefs moderate the impact of negative age stereotypes on older adults’ memory performance and physiological reactivity. Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbw087

Weiss, D. & Weiss, M. (2016), The interplay of subjective social status and essentialist beliefs about cognitive aging on cortisol reactivity to challenge in older adults. Psychophysiology, 53, 1256-1262 doi: 10.1111/psyp.12667

Weiss, D., Job, V., Mathias, M., Grah, S., & Freund A.M. (2016). The end is (not) near: Aging, essentialism, and future time perspective. Developmental Psychology, 6, 996-1009. doi: 10.1037/dev0000115

Weiss, D., Sczesny, S., & Freund, A.M. (2016). Wanting to get more or protecting one’s assets: age-differential effects of gain versus loss perceptions on the willingness to engage in collective action. Journals of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 2, 254-264. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbu098

Staudinger, U. M. (2015). Images of aging: Outside and inside perspectives. Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 35(1), 187-210. doi: 10.1891/0198-8794.35.187



Skirbekk, V., Potančoková, M., Hackett, C., & Stonawski, M. (2016). Religious affiliation among older age groups worldwide: Estimates for 2010 and projections until 2050. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbw144



Hessel, P., Kinge, J. M. Skirbekk, V., & Staudinger, U. M. (2018). Trends and determinants of the Flynn effect in cognitive functioning among older individuals in 10 European countries. Journal  of Epidemiology Community Health. Online First 9 Feb 2018. doi: 10.1136/jech-2017-209979

Kinge, J. M., Steingrímsdóttir, O.A., Moe, J. O., Skirbekk, V., Næss, Ø., & Strand, B. H. (2015). Educational differences in life expectancy over five decades among the oldest old in Norway. Age and Ageing, 44(6), 1040-1045. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afv128

Schneeweis, N., Skirbekk, V., & Winter-Ebmer, R. (2014). Does education improve cognitive performance four decades after school completion? Demography, 51(2), 619-43. doi: 10.1007/s13524-014-0281-1

Skirbekk, V., Bordone, V., & Weber, D. (2014). A cross-country comparison of math achievement at teen age and cognitive performance 40 years later. Demographic Research, 31, 105. doi: 10.4054/DemRes.2014.31.4

Skirbekk, V., Stonawski, M., Bonsang, E., & Staudinger, U. M. (2014/2013). The Flynn effect and population aging. Intelligence, 41(3), 169-177.



Corriere, M. D., Yao, W., Xue, Q. L., Cappola, A. R., Fried, L. P., Thorpe Jr, R. J., ... & Kalyani, R. R. (2014). The association of neighborhood characteristics with obesity and metabolic conditions in older women. The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 18(9), 792-798. doi: 10.1007/s12603-014-0477-5


HEALTH:  Maintaining mental and physical fitness are the cornerstones of how we can benefit from unprecedented longevity. Extending healthspan and compressing morbidity is the ultimate goal of our investigation into topics like frailty and improved cognition.



Calvo, E., & Madero-Cabib, I. (2016). Promoting healthy, active, and positive aging among older adults (Envejecimiento saludable, activo y positivo y su promoción entre las personas mayores). Social Gerontology (Gerontología Social) (pp. 49-65). Santiago, Chile: Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. ISBN: 978-956-14-1958-2.

Voelcker-Rehage, C., Jeltsch, A., Godde, B., Becker, S., & Staudinger, U. M. (2015). COMT gene polymorphisms, cognitive performance and physical fitness in older adults. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 20, 20-28. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2015.04.001



Strand, B. H., Cooper, R., Bergland, A., Jørgensen, L., Schirmer, H., Skirbekk, V., & Emaus, N. (2016). The association of grip strength from midlife onwards with all-cause and cause-specific mortality over 17 years of follow-up in the Tromsø Study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 70(12). doi: 10.1136/jech-2015-206776

Wang, G.C., Han C., Detrick B., Fried L.P., Walston J., et al (2016). Herpesvirus infections and the risk of frailty and mortality in older women: The Women's Health and Aging Studies. Journal of the American Geriatric Society, 64(5), 998-1005. doi: 10.1111/jgs.14090

Rowe, J. W. (2016). Beyond the bedside: Factors influencing the prevalence and management of frailty. White Book on Frailty. Toulouse, France: IAGG: GARN.

Rowe, J.W., & Fried, L. P. (2016). Incorporating frailty into clinical practice and clinical research. White Book on Frailty (pp. 87). Toulouse: IAGG: GARN.

Cohen, A. A., Milot, E., Li, Q., Bergeron, P., Poirier, R., Dusseault-Belanger …& Fried, L. P. (2015). Detection of a novel, integrative aging process suggests complex physiological integration. PLoS One, 10(3), e0116489. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0116489.

Baldwin, M. R., Rowe, J. W., et al. (2014). The feasibility of measuring frailty to predict disability and mortality in older medical intensive care unit survivors. J Crit Care, 3, 401-408. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrc.2013.12.019.

Palta, P., Xue, Q. L., Deal, J. A., Fried, L. P., Walston, J. D., & Carlson, M. C. (2015). Interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein levels and 9-year cognitive decline in community-dwelling older women: The Women’s Health and Aging Study II. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 70(7), 873-878. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glu132

Chuang, Y. F., Eldreth, D., Erickson, K. I., Varma, V., Harris, G., Fried, L. P. ... & Carlson, M. C. (2014). Cardiovascular risks and brain function: a functional magnetic resonance imaging study of executive function in older adults. Neurobiology of Aging, 35(6), 1396-1403. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2013.12.008

Cohen, A. A., Milot, E., Li, Q., Legault, V., Fried, L. P., & Ferrucci, L. (2014). Cross-population validation of statistical distance as a measure of physiological dysregulation during aging. Experimental Gerontology, 57, 203-210. doi: 10.1016/j.exger.2014.04.016



Cardenas A, Rifas-Shiman SL, Agha G., et al. (2017) Persistent DNA methylation changes associated with prenatal mercury exposure and cognitive performance during childhood. Scientific Reports. 7(1):288.a

Palta, P., Szanton, S. L., Semba, R. D., Thorpe, R. J., Varadhan, R., & Fried, L. P. (2015). Financial strain is associated with increased oxidative stress levels: The Women's Health and Aging Studies. Geriatric Nursing, 36(2), S33-S37. doi: 10.1016/j.gerinurse.2015.02.020.



Mielenz, T., Allegrante, J., & Rowe, J. W. (2016). Patient-centered medical home, make room for your new neighbor: The person-centered wellness home. Medical Care, 54(8), 735-737. doi: 10.1097/MLR.0000000000000570

Rowe, J. W. (2016). Update:  A report card on the Affordable Care Act. Mary Christie Quarterly, 24.

Rowe, J. W., Fulmer, T., Fried, L. P. (2016). Preparing for better health and health care for an aging population. JAMA, 316(16), 1643-1644. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.12335.

Rowe, J. W., Berkman, L., Fried, L. P., Fulmer, T., Jackson, J., Naylor, M., Novelli, W., Olshansky, J., and Stone, R. (2016). Preparing for better health and health care for an aging population. Discussion Paper, Vital Directions for Health and Health Care Series. National Acade­my of Medicine, Washington, DC.

Wunsch, H., Gershengorn, H., Cooke, C., Guerra, C., Angus, D., and Rowe J. W. (2016). Use of intensive care services for Medicare beneficiaries undergoing major surgical procedures. Anesthesiology. 124(4), 899-907. doi:  10.1097/ALN.0000000000001024.



Zissimopoulos J. M., Goldman, D. P., Olshansky S. J., Rother J., & Rowe J. W. (2015). Individual and social strategies to mitigate the risks & expand opportunities of an aging America. Daedalus, 144(2), 93-102. doi: doi:10.1162/DAED_a_00333